Volume 86 No. 3 - March 2015
Fiduciary. A fiduciary is a person to whom property or power is entrusted for the benefit of another, in other words someone who puts the interests of others before his or her own interests. In the context of those who manage the investments of others, like Investment Counsel, it is accepted that it means we act in the best interest of clients - always, and without exception.
The issue of investment advisors acting in a fiduciary capacity has recently been once again brought to the forefront. President Obama has recently put his efforts behind the movement to have one consistent standard for those who manage the investments of others. Last month the Executive Office released the report: The Effects of Conflicted Investment Advice on Retirement Savings.
Perhaps, shockingly, you’ll realize that such a movement means that, currently, not all advisors are required to act in the best interests of their clients. As an investor, one has to admit that any renewed focus on this issue is a major step in the right direction. Should new legislation come from these efforts it could be a major protection for investors, provided, of course, that any new legislation has the teeth to be effective.
The Fiduciary and Suitability Standards in Practice
The issue of the “fiduciary standard” versus the much less stringent “suitability standard” is a complex one and perhaps a comparison between Advisors and Brokers is the best illustration of some of the differences.
From the above table it should be clear that in most cases investors would pay more for a Broker while receiving a lower level of care from the provider. Costs are important because studies show high fees are highly related to lower investment returns.
A lower standard of care allows for many more conflicts of interest to arise such as recommending one investment over another because it provides a greater financial incentive to the Broker not necessarily the best expected result to the client. Conflicts of interest are best avoided yet the current standards for Brokers seem to ignore their dangers.
The President’s report exposes the issue of cost coupled with conflicts of interest quite well when it states:
“… the essential finding of this report: conflicted advice leads to large and economically meaningful costs…”
The opinion of the report is that a stringent set of rules should apply to the entire investment profession. Of the two options, the fiduciary standard, putting the interests of others before their own interests, is much preferred to the less attractive suitability standard. Should legislation fail to move ahead with a single standard, a viable consolation may be to at least require brokers to identify themselves as such, rather than using the more ubiquitous term of Financial Advisor.
Ultimately the goal is to move the industry to a model of lower cost, greater transparency, fewer conflicts and always acting in the best interest in the client. While these are notable goals, they are not new, but ones that Investment Counsel has practiced since our founding over 85 years ago.
For further reading on this topic see The Effects of Conflicted Investment Advice on Retirement Savings, from the Office of the President of the United States, at the web address below. (http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/cea_coi_report_final.pdf)
Outlook for Stocks
Our outlook for the US market is still cautiously optimistic as our economy is growing unlike that of many other global economies. Many indicators (consumer confidence, consumer spending, unemployment) point toward further gains in the equity markets.
Non-US markets, however, seem to be struggling. The Eurozone is fighting of another recession, with recent reports showing drops in German industrial output, while China, a long-time driver of growth has shown significant signs of slowing as well. Japan is expanding their version of Quantitative Easing (QE) in the hopes of mimicking our results from the program.
Overseas markets can, and do, have an effect on US companies. We will be carefully observing global markets and monitoring the effects on the names we own, particularly those names that have significant overseas operations.
The price of oil has moved sharply downward lately – to the lowest levels we’ve seen since 2010. This move is being driven mostly by an increase in supply from new oil sources coming online. Lower transportation costs are a good sign for the economy as it leads to greater consumer spending. However, there are unforeseen effects that dramatic price shifts often cause that we will have to watch for and carefully consider if/when they come to the forefront.
Outlook for Bonds
We expect interest rates to rise, which will decrease bond prices. Industry consensus seems to be mid- to late- 2015 for the first Federal Reserve rate hikes although recent developments suggest its more likely that will be pushed back rather than moved forward.
While bonds are still a critical component of most portfolios, providing invaluable diversification and risk management, some types of bonds are more sensitive to interest rate changes than others. Highly sensitive bonds should be adjusted accordingly to limit downside risk from rising rates. On the whole bonds are priced at a premium.
Investment Counsel Inc. is a registered investment adviser. Information presented is for educational purposes only. It should not be considered specific investment advice, does not take into consideration your specific situation, and does not intend to make an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of any securities or investment strategies. Investments involve risk and are not guaranteed. Be sure to consult with a qualified financial adviser and/or tax professional before implementing any strategy discussed herein.